Adopting a pet is a big decision. Dogs and cats require lots of time, money, and commitment—over 15
years' worth in many cases. Pet ownership can be rewarding, but only if you think through your decision before you
adopt a companion.
Things to Consider
The fact that you're thinking about adopting from an animal shelter means you're a responsible and caring
person. But before you make that decision to bring a furry friend into your life, take a moment to think over these
Why do you want a pet? It's amazing how many people fail to ask themselves this simple question before
they get a pet. Adopting a pet just because it's "the thing to do" or because the kids have been pining for a puppy usually
ends up being a big mistake. Don't forget that pets may be with you 10, 15, even 20 years.
Do you have time for a pet? Dogs, cats, and other animal companions cannot be ignored just because you're
tired or busy. They require food, water, exercise, care, and companionship every day of every year. Many animals in the shelter
are there because their owners didn't realize how much time it took to care for them.
Can you afford a pet? The costs of pet ownership can be quite high. Licenses, training classes, spaying
and neutering, veterinary care, grooming, toys, food, kitty litter, and other expenses add up quickly.
Are you prepared to deal with special problems that a pet can cause? Flea infestations, scratched-up
furniture, accidents from animals who aren't yet housetrained, and unexpected medical emergencies are unfortunate but common
aspects of pet ownership.
Can you have a pet where you live? Many rental communities don't allow pets, and most of the rest have
restrictions. Make sure you know what they are before you bring a companion animal home.
Is it a good time for you to adopt a pet? If you have kids under six years old, for instance, you might
consider waiting a few years before you adopt a companion. Pet ownership requires children who are mature enough to be responsible.
If you're a student, in the military, or travel frequently as part of your work, waiting until you settle down is wise.
Are your living arrangements suitable for the animal you have in mind? Animal size is not the only variable
to think about here. For example, some small dogs such as terriers are very active—they require a great deal of exercise
to be calm, and they often bark at any noise. On the other hand, some big dogs are laid back and quite content to lie on a
couch all day. Before adopting a pet, do some research. That way, you'll ensure you choose an animal who will fit into your
lifestyle and your living arrangements.
Do you know who will care for your pet while you're away on vacation? You'll need either reliable friends
and neighbors or money to pay for a boarding kennel or pet-sitting service.
Will you be a responsible pet owner? Having your pet spayed or neutered, obeying community leash and
licensing laws, and keeping identification tags on your pets are all part of being a responsible owner. Of course, giving
your pet love, companionship, exercise, a healthy diet, and regular veterinary care are other essentials.
Finally, are you prepared to keep and care for the pet for his or her entire lifetime? When you adopt
a pet, you are making a commitment to care for the animal for his or her lifetime.